|Sapeck (Eugène Bataille):|
Mona Lisa with a Pipe, 1883
Of course the first artwork I want to add is one of the numerous parodies of Mona Lisa smoking (though recently, she seems to have given up tobacco for other substances).
I chose the very early Mona Lisa parody at left. It was made before the theft in 1911 inspired a rage of interpretations, and long before Marcel Duchamp's famous "L.H.O.O.Q." Its creator was "proto-performance artist Sapeck (Eugène Bataille), who was known to travel the streets with his head painted blue." Evidently there were surrealist types in Paris well before the Dada movement! (source)
But to return to the topic of smoking in more serious art: during the Dutch Golden Age many painters of homey scenes included smokers. Around 150 years after America -- source of tobacco -- began supplying novel products for the European market, smoking seems to have been very well-established:
|Adriaen Brouwer: The Smoker, 1630-1638|
|Adriaen Brouwer: Smokers, ca. 1636|
Metropolitan Museum of Art
|Gerrit Dou: Self-Portrait, c. 1640.|
|Gerrit Dou: Man Smoking a Pipe, c. 1650.|
|Adriaen Van Ostade: from Travelers at Rest|
|Adriaen Van Ostade: The Smoker, c. 1647.|
|Adriaen Van Ostade: Smoker at a Window, |
c. 1667. Detroit Institute of Arts
|Dirck Hals: Gentlemen Smoking and Playing Backgammon, c. 1687|
An early Picasso in the Barnes collection surprised me with the cigarette in her hand:
|Picasso: Woman with Cigarette, 1903|
|Picasso: The Smoker, 1964|
Cezanne painted a few smokers as well. Two pipe smokers are included in his famous card players, and his 1897 portrait of Henry Gasquet includes a cigarette:
Finally, also at the Barnes, this wonderful picture -- I believe the man in the lower left is smoking as he waits for his child to finish his music lesson. I couldn't stop looking at this painting.
|Henri Matisse, The Music Lesson|
As I said on my food blog -- I dislike the smell, the activity, and the risks involved with smoking. I'm very happy that it's no longer allowed in most public interior spaces, and it's becoming less and less common in outdoor public spaces. It's been years since anyone even gave a single thought to smoking inside my house, or inside most homes. That said, smoking was once a common activity, shared and enjoyed by a large part of the population (though some paid dearly for having done so). And it's thus well-represented in art.